nominate Lesser Black-backed Gull (L. f. fuscus)

(last update: 10-11-2009)

Amir Ben Dov (Israel)
Hannu Koskinen (Finland)
Mars Muusse (the Netherlands)

fuscus rings

fuscus 1cy July
fuscus 1cy Aug
fuscus 1cy Sept
fuscus 1cy Oct
fuscus 1cy Nov
fuscus 1cy Dec

fuscus 2cy Jan
fuscus 2cy Feb
fuscus 2cy March
fuscus 2cy April
fuscus 2cy May
fuscus 2cy June
fuscus 2cy July
fuscus 2cy Aug
fuscus 2cy Sept
fuscus 2cy Oct
fuscus 2cy Nov

fuscus 2cy Dec

fuscus 3cy Jan
fuscus 3cy Feb
fuscus 3cy March
fuscus 3cy April
fuscus 3cy May
fuscus 3cy June
fuscus 3cy July
fuscus 3cy August

fuscus 3cy Sept

fuscus 3cy October
fuscus 3cy Nov
fuscus 3cy Dec

fuscus 4cy Jan
fuscus 4cy Feb
fuscus 4cy March
fuscus 4cy April
fuscus 4cy May
fuscus 4cy June
fuscus 4cy July
fuscus 4cy Aug
fuscus 4cy Sept

fuscus 4cy Oct
fuscus 4cy Nov
fuscus 4cy Dec

fuscus ad Jan
fuscus ad Feb
fuscus ad March
fuscus ad April
fuscus ad May
fuscus ad June
fuscus ad July
fuscus ad Aug
fuscus unringed Aug
fuscus ad Sept
fuscus ad Oct
fuscus ad Nov
fuscus ad Dec

Larus fuscus fuscus 3cy C5XM, July 10-16 2003, Tampere, Finland (61.33N 24.59E).

C5XM was ringed in Hauho, Finland; ringed as pullus on June 30 2001 by Risto Juvaste.
Recorded at Tampere:
2003-05-18, 2003-05-21, 2003-05-24, 2003-05-31, 2003-06-03, 2003-06-14, 2003-06-17, 2003-06-18, 2003-06-20, 2003-06-22, 2003-06-28, 2003-07-05, 2003-07-06, 2003-07-10, 2003-07-11, 2003-07-12, 2003-07-14, 2003-07-15, 2003-07-16, 2003-07-23, 2003-07-24. 

Larus fuscus fuscus in 2cy often returns with completely replaced primaries and secondaries. In 3cy, fuscus more often shows a clear division between fresh inner primaries and older outer primaries, the inner primaries often showing neat white tips and the outer primaries often second generation-like with rounded tips and paler bleached brown. The arrested moult in the primaries is often reflected in the secondaries and (to a less extend) in the tail-feathers as well. The older tail-feathers (often R5 is older) still show a broad dark sub-terminal band.
3cy fuscus often have some black markings on the bill, which is otherwise much adult-like, with a clear red gonydeal spot. The colour of the naked parts are adult-like as well. 
The scapulars in 3cy are often completely adult-like, lacking internal patterns; plain blackish grey with a mahogany hue on the older feathers. Most wing-coverts and tertials are adult-like blackish grey as well, but often 3cy birds show some very bleached pale brown wing-coverts, normally in the greater covert bar and in the upper rows of the lesser coverts. These bleached wing-coverts accentuate the jumpy sequence in the last wing-covert moult cycles, as there is often no clear pattern in location of these bleached feathers. Head and body feathers normally are snow-white by July.

C5XM was ringed in Finland, now in 3cy. This 3cy fuscus has an aberrant moult cycle in the primaries, as can be seen in the image of the left wing: P1-P2 are old and bleached primaries, P3-P5 are fresher, probably 3rd generation, P6-P8 are old again and P9-P10 fresh primaries with a mirror on P10. The exact moult sequence is hard to predict, more so since the inner primaries (P1-P2) are paler and probably older than P6-P8. Nonetheless it seems reasonable to conclude that the two outer primaries P9-P10 were moulted on the wintering grounds, about half a year ago. This may explain the relatively large mirror on P10. For unknown reason, the innermost primaries were excluded from the subsequent moult, which continued at P3 and was arrested at P5. P5 has a clear sub-terminal black band and a white tip, as can be found commonly in 3rd generation P5. 
Moult in the secondaries followed an irregular sequence as well, with the outermost secondary (S1) replaced long ago, probably still 2nd generation. S2-S3 are obvious fresher, probably 3rd generation with a grey base and neat, large white tip. Again, S4 may be 2nd generation and S5 3rd generation. This jumpy sequence seem to continue in the inner half of the secondaries. Most rectrices appear fresh with pretty neat tips and are white without any black markings, but R5 (on both sides) show a clear broad sub-terminal band, commonly found in early required 3rd generation rectrices. Note the dark speckling in the iris.

In the third image, two 3cy fuscus, both with arrested moult in the outer primaries.